Human settlement has often centered around coastal areas and waterways. Until recently, however, archaeologists believed that marine economies did not develop until the end of the Pleistocene, when the archaeological record begins to have evidence of marine life as part of the human diet. This has long been interpreted as a postglacial adaptation, due to the rise in sea level and subsequent decrease in terrestrial resources. Coastal resources, particularly mollusks, were viewed as fallback resources, which people resorted to only when terrestrial resources were scarce, included only as part of a more complex diet. Recent research has significantly altered this understanding, known as the Broad Spectrum Revolution (BSR) model. The contributions to this volume revise the BSR model, with evidence that coastal resources were an important part of human economies and subsistence much earlier than previously thought, and even the main focus of diets for some Pleistocene and early Holocene hunter-gatherer societies. With evidence from North and South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia, this volume comprehensively lends a new understanding to coastal settlement from the Middle Paleolithic to the Middle Holocene.
Authors: Nuno F. Bicho, Jonathan A. Haws, Loren G. Davis
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2011-05-19 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Human settlement has often centered around coastal areas and waterways. Until recently, however, archaeologists believed that marine economies did not develop until the end of the Pleistocene, when the archaeological record begins to have evidence of marine life as part of the human diet. This has long been interpreted as
Type: BOOK - Published: 2022-05-15 - Publisher: Cicerone Press Limited
Guidebook to Corsica's GR20, one of Europe's classic treks. The most challenging of the GR long-distance routes, the trail crosses remote mountain terrain and involves plenty of hands-on scrambling. Includes information about accommodation, refreshments and facilities and a separate booklet showing the entire route on IGN 1:25,000 maps.
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-02-15 - Publisher: Cicerone Press Limited
At just over 100 miles long, and taking 7 to 10 days to complete, the Arctic Circle Trail crosses the largest ice-free patch of West Greenland. This splendid trekking route, lying 25-30 miles north of the Arctic Circle runs from Kangerlussuaq to Sisimiut (both of which have airport access). The
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-09-24 - Publisher: Mountaineers Books
• 132 hikes—including the entire Oregon Coast Trail from Washington to California • Day hikes for vacationers or locals looking for a trail with sea views • All new maps with GPS coordinates Day Hiking: Oregon Coast, 2nd Edition is a special sort of hiking guidebook. On one hand, there
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-10-31 - Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc
Trekking is adventure and the very metaphor for life. Though trekking in mountainous region is most popular, there are various avatars of trekking to add spice to life - like desert trekking, nature trekking etc. In this book, the author, an avid traveler, photographer and nature lover, narrates his two